The Global Geopark is located in southwest Iceland, near the capital Reykjavík. The Reykjanes Ridge is part of the volcanic Mid-Atlantic Ridge separating the Eurasian and North American plates. The site is characterized by numerous lava flows, lava shields, crater rows, geothermal fields, faults and fissures. Krýsuvík is renowned for its explosion craters, caused by the interaction of geothermal steam and magma. Some of the lava flows have become new land. The five towns and settlements scattered across the area bear witness to a millennium-long history of human habitation and activity at the site.